Highly reusable React component boilerplate for your design system

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Posted on 12.12.2020
Last updated on 28.04.2021
Image by Francisco Moreno on Unsplash

Front-end engineers create dozens of components every week. Building just another web application is one thing, but when it comes to reusable components within a unified and sustainable design system, the situation changes drastically.

While working on a design system, I have experimented a lot, and came up with a quite promising component boilerplate for such occasion. Here it is.



Generate common code (utils and types that can be re-used in all components):

npx @generilla/cli run https://github.com/gannochenko/react-component-boilerplate/tree/master/commons
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Generate the component itself:

cd components && npx @generilla/cli run https://github.com/gannochenko/react-component-boilerplate/tree/master/component
The code is licensed under the MIT license


👉 CSS-in-JS with Styled-components or Emotion for styling. It turns boring CSS into a fully-featured programming language based on JavaScript, so cool.
👉 React that supports hooks.
👉 TypeScript.

First step

I took a boring sign-in as a today's challenge:

The starter code is a function component, according to the latest trends. I also refrain from using default exports, since named exports make in-IDE refactoring easier in the future:

import React, { FC } from 'react';
export const SignInForm: FC = () => {
return null;
The code is licensed under the MIT license

File structure

Many developers prefer keeping styles and type declarations next to the component itself. I usually don't do that, because the more complex the component gets, the more code I will have to co-locate in one file. Several-screens-tall file is difficult to maintain and comprehend.

That is why in my projects I propose the following file structure:

SignInForm.tsx <-- the component itself goes here
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Why index.ts file?

First of all, this kind of import will work:
import { SignInForm } from './components/SignInForm'

Secondly, via index.ts file I can explicitly tell which part of the component I wish to expose to the end user:

export { SignInForm } from './SignInForm';
export type { SignInFormPropType } from './types';
// maybe something else ...
The code is licensed under the MIT license

The scope of responsibility

Every component has a scope of responsibility. It other words, a component is only responsible for what is inside of it, and completely unaware of its siblings or a parent node.

import React, { forwardRef } from 'react';
export const SignInForm = forwardRef(
function SignInForm(props, ref) {
// every component should have a root node
// also,I am forwarding ref to the root node
return (
<SignInFormRoot ref={ref}>
<SignInInput />
<SignInInput type="password" />
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Component props

As you may have already noticed, I used type, not interface when declaring the typings. While interfaces have their advantages in some way, I prefer going with types. This way the paradigm «prefer composition over inheritance» becomes easily feasible through union, unlike the OOP-ish inheritance via extends keyword.

I also

👉 use Type postfix for types to explicitly indicate the fact that this is not a variable,
👉 have all props optional, because the component should gracefully handle situations when it was called without parameters.

It is also nice to have property naming agreements, for example like these ones:

👉 names of all callback props should begin with on prefix (e.g. onSubmitButtonClick),
👉 if a property is used as a feature flag, its name should begin with enable prefix (like enablePasswordLess),
👉 names of all render props should start with render prefix (e.g. renderActionBar)

...and so on.

It may seem too much in the beginning, but when you build a long-lasting design system and wish to remain consistent, not following the rules quickly starts causing problems.

So, the props could be:

import { HTMLAttributes } from 'react';
type ThemeType = {}; // replace this with your own theme type
type StylePropType = {
theme: ThemeType;
export type SignInFormPropType =
// first, take all native props for a desired type of DOM node
HTMLAttributes<HTMLFormElement> &
// then declare all custom props here
loading: boolean;
onSubmit: (result: { login: string; password: string }) => void;
enablePasswordLess: boolean;
export type SignInFormRootPropType = StylePropType & SignInFormPropType;
export type SignInFormInputPropType = StylePropType;
export type SignInFormSubmitButtonPropType = StylePropType;
The code is licensed under the MIT license


Normally I develop components in greenhouse conditions somewhere in Storybook. But the thing is, real projects (especially legacy ones) provide a much more «hostile» environment, since there may be global CSS defined that could potentially distort appearance of the component drastically.

That is why I created a helper function to reset at least box-sizing and margin as well as maybe some of the inherited CSS properties.

import styled, { css } from 'styled-components';
import { SignInFormRootPropType, SignInFormInputPropType, SignInFormSubmitButtonPropType } from './types';
export const getResetStyle = () => css`
box-sizing: border-box;
margin: 0;
export const SignInFormRoot = styled.form<SignInFormRootPropType>`
padding: 1rem;
export const SignInInput = styled.input<SignInFormInputPropType>`
border: 1px solid gray;
border-radius: 2px;
// ...
export const SignInFormSubmitButton = styled.button<SignInFormSubmitButtonPropType>`
border-radius: 2px;
background-color: blue;
color: white;
// ...
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Conditional styles

Usually when it comes to conditional styling with styled-components, things turn into unreadable porridge of figure and square brackets very quickly. Nevertheless, I have tried to minimize the negative impact by moving everything to a separate helper:

const getRootStyle = ({ loading, disabled }: SignInFormRootPropType) => {
let result = {};
if (loading) {
result = css`
color: grey;
// some other css
if (disabled) {
result = css`
display: none;
// some other css
// maybe some other props
return result;
export const SignInFormRoot = styled.form<SignInFormRootPropType>`
padding: 1rem;
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Properties forwarding

When a custom property goes through a cabbage of wrappers and lands on the DOM node, React starts polluting the console with a bunch of annoying warnings like «Warning: React does not recognize the loading prop on a DOM element. Blah, blah...» To prevent this, styled-components starting from v5 has a helper called shouldForwardProp.

Let's make a separate file called utils/propBlocker.ts:

import { ReactText } from 'react';
// shouldForwardProp blocks everything that matches a set of standard HTML attributes plus children, ref and dangerouslySetHTML
// in order to allow event handlers to be passed down to the react elements, we need to explicitly allow them against a white
// list of known events:
const allowedEventProps = {
// Clipboard Events
onCopy: true,
onCopyCapture: true,
onCut: true,
onCutCapture: true,
onPaste: true,
onPasteCapture: true,
// Composition Events
onCompositionEnd: true,
onCompositionEndCapture: true,
onCompositionStart: true,
onCompositionStartCapture: true,
onCompositionUpdate: true,
onCompositionUpdateCapture: true,
// Focus Events
onFocus: true,
onFocusCapture: true,
onBlur: true,
onBlurCapture: true,
// Form Events
onChange: true,
onChangeCapture: true,
onBeforeInput: true, // https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/HTMLElement/beforeinput_event
onBeforeInputCapture: true,
onInput: true,
onInputCapture: true,
onReset: true,
onResetCapture: true,
onSubmit: true,
onSubmitCapture: true,
onInvalid: true,
onInvalidCapture: true,
// Image Events
onLoad: true,
onLoadCapture: true,
onError: true, // also a Media Event
onErrorCapture: true, // also a Media Event
// Keyboard Events
onKeyDown: true,
onKeyDownCapture: true,
onKeyPress: true,
onKeyPressCapture: true,
onKeyUp: true,
onKeyUpCapture: true,
// Media Events
onAbort: true,
onAbortCapture: true,
onCanPlay: true,
onCanPlayCapture: true,
onCanPlayThrough: true,
onCanPlayThroughCapture: true,
onDurationChange: true,
onDurationChangeCapture: true,
onEmptied: true,
onEmptiedCapture: true,
onEncrypted: true,
onEncryptedCapture: true,
onEnded: true,
onEndedCapture: true,
onLoadedData: true,
onLoadedDataCapture: true,
onLoadedMetadata: true,
onLoadedMetadataCapture: true,
onLoadStart: true,
onLoadStartCapture: true,
onPause: true,
onPauseCapture: true,
onPlay: true,
onPlayCapture: true,
onPlaying: true,
onPlayingCapture: true,
onProgress: true,
onProgressCapture: true,
onRateChange: true,
onRateChangeCapture: true,
onSeeked: true,
onSeekedCapture: true,
onSeeking: true,
onSeekingCapture: true,
onStalled: true,
onStalledCapture: true,
onSuspend: true,
onSuspendCapture: true,
onTimeUpdate: true,
onTimeUpdateCapture: true,
onVolumeChange: true,
onVolumeChangeCapture: true,
onWaiting: true,
onWaitingCapture: true,
// MouseEvents
onAuxClick: true, // https://developer.mozilla.org/en-US/docs/Web/API/Element/auxclick_event
onAuxClickCapture: true,
onClick: true,
onClickCapture: true,
onContextMenu: true,
onContextMenuCapture: true,
onDoubleClick: true,
onDoubleClickCapture: true,
onDrag: true,
onDragCapture: true,
onDragEnd: true,
onDragEndCapture: true,
onDragEnter: true,
onDragEnterCapture: true,
onDragExit: true,
onDragExitCapture: true,
onDragLeave: true,
onDragLeaveCapture: true,
onDragOver: true,
onDragOverCapture: true,
onDragStart: true,
onDragStartCapture: true,
onDrop: true,
onDropCapture: true,
onMouseDown: true,
onMouseDownCapture: true,
onMouseEnter: true,
onMouseLeave: true,
onMouseMove: true,
onMouseMoveCapture: true,
onMouseOut: true,
onMouseOutCapture: true,
onMouseOver: true,
onMouseOverCapture: true,
onMouseUp: true,
onMouseUpCapture: true,
// // Selection Events
onSelect: true,
onSelectCapture: true,
// yep, it is a long one...
// Touch Events
onTouchCancel: true,
onTouchCancelCapture: true,
onTouchEnd: true,
onTouchEndCapture: true,
onTouchMove: true,
onTouchMoveCapture: true,
onTouchStart: true,
onTouchStartCapture: true,
// Pointer Events
onPointerDown: true,
onPointerDownCapture: true,
onPointerMove: true,
onPointerMoveCapture: true,
onPointerUp: true,
onPointerUpCapture: true,
onPointerCancel: true,
onPointerCancelCapture: true,
onPointerEnter: true,
onPointerEnterCapture: true,
onPointerLeave: true,
onPointerLeaveCapture: true,
onPointerOver: true,
onPointerOverCapture: true,
onPointerOut: true,
onPointerOutCapture: true,
onGotPointerCapture: true,
onGotPointerCaptureCapture: true,
onLostPointerCapture: true,
onLostPointerCaptureCapture: true,
// UI Events
onScroll: true,
onScrollCapture: true,
// Wheel Events
onWheel: true,
onWheelCapture: true,
// Animation Events
onAnimationStart: true,
onAnimationStartCapture: true,
onAnimationEnd: true,
onAnimationEndCapture: true,
onAnimationIteration: true,
onAnimationIterationCapture: true,
// Transition Events
onTransitionEnd: true,
onTransitionEndCapture: true,
// finally...
export const propsBlocker = {
shouldForwardProp: (
propertyName: ReactText | boolean,
validateProperty: (propertyName: any) => boolean,
) => {
if (
typeof propertyName === 'string' &&
(propertyName in allowedEventProps)
) {
return true;
// https://github.com/emotion-js/emotion/blob/main/packages/is-prop-valid/src/props.js
return validateProperty(propertyName);
The code is licensed under the MIT license

And then I use it like this:

// ...
import { propsBlocker } from '../../../utils/propBlocker';
export const SignInFormRoot = styled.div.withConfig(propsBlocker)<SignInFormRootPropType>`
padding: 1rem;
// ...
The code is licensed under the MIT license

This guarantees no custom property is going to leak through the logic to the underlying react element.

View and controller separation

Now comes the cool part!

Back in early days the controller and the view (UI) of a component were sort of fused together within a class component. Some tried to abuse inheritance, others came up with that «concept of smart and dumb components». None of it really worked out well. With react hooks it became really easy to decouple the code.

I am gonna put all the logic into a hook useSignInForm located in a separate file. UI stays pretty clean and easily perceivable by just quick glancing at.

Before doing so, I am gonna make an auxiliary hook to handle references in hooks/useRootRef.ts:

import { useRef, ForwardedRef, RefObject } from "react";
export const useRootRef = <E extends HTMLElement>(ref: ForwardedRef<E>) => {
const localRef = useRef<E>(null);
// we only allow modern reference syntax
return (ref as RefObject<E>) || localRef;
The code is licensed under the MIT license

The result of the main hook is a structure that contains props forwarded to the UI elements.

import { Ref, useCallback, ForwardedRef } from 'react';
import { SignInFormPropType } from './types';
import { useRootRef } from '../../../hooks/useRootRef';
export const useSignInForm = <E extends HTMLDivElement>(
ref: ForwardedRef<E>,
}: SignInFormPropType
) => {
// put all your logic here: call some useMemo, useEffect or useCallback, or any other custom hook
// ...
// you can use an externally set ref, as well as the local one
const rootRef = useRootRef<E>(ref);
// now you can do different cool things with rootRef, because
// it will always be defined after the very first render
// for example,
const onSubmitClick = useCallback(() => {
onSubmit({ login, password }); // take from local state updated by callbacks for inputs
}, [onSubmit, login, password]);
return {
rootProps: {
...restProps, // rest props go to the root node, as before
ref: rootRef, // same for the ref
loginInputProps: {
disabled: loading,
onChange: onLoginInputChange, // defined somewhere above
getPasswordInputProps: () => { // I use a getter here, because the password field is optional
type: 'password',
disabled: loading,
onChange: onPasswordInputChange, // defined somewhere above
submitButtonProps: {
onClick: onSubmitClick,
disabled: loading,
showPasswordInput: !enablePasswordLess,
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Then I consume the hook in SignInForm.tsx:

import { useSignInForm } from './hooks/useSignInForm.ts';
export const SignInForm = forwardRef<HTMLDivElement, SignInFormPropType>(
function SignInForm(props, ref) {
const {
} = useSignInForm<HTMLDivElement>(ref, props);
return (
<SignInFormRoot {...rootProps}>
<SignInInput {...loginInputProps} />
<SignInInput {...getPasswordInputProps()} />
<SignInFormSubmitButton {...submitButtonProps}>
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Class names

There should be a way to customise not only the root node, but also all inner nodes. One of the options could be to define class names to address the nodes via styled.

The format of a class name could be different, I personally prefer BEM (e.g. SignInForm-Input--disabled).

So first of all, I define a custom hook:

import { useMemo } from 'react';
const makeClassName = (blockName: string, elementName = 'Root', modifier?: string) =>
`${blockName}-${elementName}${modifier ? `--${modifier}` : ''}`;
export const useSignInFormClassNames = (
componentName: string,
className: string,
) => useMemo(() => ({
Root: `${className} ${makeClassName(componentName)}`,
LoginInput: makeClassName(componentName, 'LoginInput'),
PasswordInput: makeClassName(componentName, 'PasswordInput'),
SubmitButton: makeClassName(componentName, 'SubmitButton'),
}), [ componentName, className ]);
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Then I consume the hook right next to the first one:

import { useSignInFormClassNames } from './hooks/useSignInFormClassNames';
export const SignInForm = forwardRef<HTMLDivElement, SignInFormPropType>(
function SignInForm(props, ref) {
const {
} = useSignInForm<HTMLDivElement>(ref, props);
const classNames = useSignInFormClassNames('SignInForm', className);
return (
The code is licensed under the MIT license

If this is done, the customization works like this:

const CustomSignInForm = styled(SignInForm)`
color: red;
.SignInForm-Input {
border-radius: 4px;
.SignInForm-SubmitButton {
color: white;
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Atomic props

In general I would not go with this too far. Atomic props introduce additional computation, sometimes unnecessary. Nevertheless, sometimes it make sense to have at least margin, padding, width, height defined as atomic.

Margin props could look somewhat like this:

import { css } from 'styled-components';
export type ScalarType = string | number;
export type MarginPropType = Partial<{
margin: ScalarType;
marginTop: ScalarType;
marginBottom: ScalarType;
marginLeft: ScalarType;
marginRight: ScalarType;
const getValue = (value?: ScalarType) => {
if (typeof value === 'string') {
return value;
// in case of number, can do something fun here,
// like converting spacing unit to pixels, or pixels to rem
return value;
const getStyleFor = (property: string, value?: ScalarType) =>
value !== undefined ? `${property}: ${getValue(value)};` : '';
export const getMarginStyle = ({
}: MarginPropType) => css`
${getStyleFor('margin', margin)}
${getStyleFor('margin-top', marginTop)}
${getStyleFor('margin-bottom', marginBottom)}
${getStyleFor('margin-left', marginLeft)}
${getStyleFor('margin-right', marginRight)}
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Then plug the mixin into the component.

To the styles:

import { getMarginStyle } from '../../utils/getMarginStyle';
export const SignInFormRoot = styled.div.withConfig({
shouldForwardProp: prop => !(prop in customProps),
padding: 1rem;
${getMarginStyle}; // <-- injected here
The code is licensed under the MIT license

To the types:

import { MarginPropType } from '../style/getMarginStyle';
export type SignInFormPropType =
HTMLAttributes<HTMLFormElement> &
loading: boolean;
onSubmit: ({ login: string; password: string; }) => void;
enablePasswordLess: boolean;
}> &
MarginPropType; // <-- injected here
The code is licensed under the MIT license

When this is done, the atomic props become available:

<SignInForm marginTop="10px" marginLeft="2rem" />
The code is licensed under the MIT license

Prop types

Sometimes when building a reusable component written in TypeScript, it is easy to forget, that a component can be used in a project written in plain JavaScript. PropTypes can be a big deal of help in this case, acting as a drop-in replacement for TS types. Also, PropTypes do runtime prop validation, whereas TS types only do static code analysis (which is sufficient in most of the cases though).

Default props

Default props is a nice addition when you want to have some props set to something else than undefined.

SignInForm.defaultProps = {
onSubmit: () => {}
The code is licensed under the MIT license

That is pretty much it for this boilerplate! Certainly, not all of the features are needed when it comes to making actual components IRL. But, it is still nice to have all of these features in one place. Every time we build a component or a set of components which should be consistent, we can easily take this code as a starter!

If you still have any questions left, or something does not work, feel free to react out to me and discuss the issue.


Sergei Gannochenko

Business-oriented fullstack engineer, in ❤️ with Tech.
Golang, React, TypeScript, Docker, AWS, Jamstack.
15+ years in dev.